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The Importance of Physical Activity and a Balanced Diet

The Importance of Physical Activity


What is physical activity?

World Health Organization (WHO) defines physical activity as any bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles that requires energy expenditure. In simpler terms, any movement that exerts energy. 


The physical benefits of regular physical activity can help children improve cardiorespiratory fitness, build strong bones and muscles, control weight, and reduce the risk of developing health conditions such as: 


  • Heart disease
  • Cancer
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Osteoporosis
  • Obesity

The psychological benefits of regular physical activity are enhancing mood, relieving stress and reducing symptoms of anxiety and depression.


Research suggests the academic benefits of regular physical activity include greater achievements, attendance, cognitive performance (concentration and memory) and classroom behaviours (on task).

Balanced Diet

The Eatwell Guide shows how much of what we eat overall should come from each food group to achieve a healthy, balanced diet.

You do not need to achieve this balance with every meal, but try to get the balance right over a day or even a week. For more information, click the link below the Eatwell plate.